Smithsonian Magazine: Was This Ornament of a Knight Emerging From a Snail Shell a ‘Medieval Meme’?

                An 8th century text shows this early medieval tension. The Book of Monsters (Liber Monstrorum) describes many monsters, most inherited from the classical tradition, including the Plinian races. For example, the Bestiary mentions the manticore, a fierce “beast” with the face of a man. However, the texts show that people were concerned not only with surface characteristics that seemed to blend species; their preoccupation showed concern for a mixing of the actual essence of human and animal. For example, the Bestiary says of centaurs that “the nature of men and horses can be mixed.”[503]

                Another extremely popular travel story was Mandeville’s Travels, which was written in French in about 1360, then translated quickly into every major European language.* Mandevile’s work is rich in detail drawn from many earlier medieval sources and represents almost a compendium of exotic creatures that inhabited late medieval imaginations. All the Plinian races from the dog headed Cynocephali to giants to Sciopods appear in the travelogue, and many of the creatures are described with the kind of detail designed to accent their bestiality. For example, Mandeville said that the Cynocephali, giants, and other monsters cannibals and thus attributed to them the quality that most defined animals: the desire to eat humans.** The popularity of Mandeville’s Travels expresses the late medieval preoccupation with monsters.[504]

Kicked Out of Heaven  Vol. I, II & III
The Untold History of The White Races cir. 700 – 1700 a.d. for $100

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Kicked Out Of Heaven  Vol. I, II & III: The Untold History of The White Races; cir. 700-1700 a.d. is a 3 volume series that details everything about European society and mentality. In the first volume you will find astounding facts about Natural Disasters that had 100 pound hail stones. There was rampant sex in The Streets. There are many details of the Torture Chamber. In the 2nd volume there are close descriptions on the generational effects of alcoholism, lead poisoning and LSD. This is before a 250 page section on 300-400 years of consistent plagues like 2020’s Coronavirus. After the Plague you will encounter a lot of Magic Mirrors and explanations of Crystal balls. There are also actual court transcripts of real serial killers, witches, werewolves and their punishments. You will find a picture of the first contract written for a Sol with signatures from many Devils.  In the 3rd volume you will meet the Castrati, who were boys castrated to sing in the Catholic Church.  You will encounter the relics of Holy Blood & Organs.  There are stories of Saints that levitate and pictures of The Incorruptible Saints, those who didn’t compose after death.  All of the Modern Religious holidays are explained as well. 

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Smithsonian Magazine: Was This Ornament of a Knight Emerging From a Snail Shell a ‘Medieval Meme’?.